The rulings pertaining to eid al-fitr

Section Twelve – The rulings pertaining to ‘eid al-fitr

In this section read about:
1. That which is recommended for the day of `Eid al-Fitr
2. What a Muslim says once the moon of Shawwaal has been sighted
3. Women leaving for the `Eid al-Fitr prayer
4. What to do when `Eid coincides with Friday

1. That which is recommended for the day of `Eid al-Fitr

Question: What is recommended for us to do on the day of `Eid al-Fitr?

Response: On the day of `Eid al-Fitr the Muslims display their joy at completing the fasting and the standing (the night prayer) and all other forms of worship. For certainly that is amongst the greatest blessings which Allaah has granted his servants. So they begin firstly by reciting the takbeer (the saying of: Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)) on the night before the `Eid (continuing) until the following day before the (`Eid) prayer. Then they leave first thing in the morning to perform this worship which is the `Eid prayer in a specific manner. And this takes place outside the town (in an open officially designated area) with both men and women in attendance. Then they return (full of) joy and happiness at this blessing and begin exchanging greetings and well-wishing (each other) and they visit each other eating (throughout) the day as a sign of the end of this act of worship (fasting).Shaykh Ibn Jibreen / (Fataawa Ramadan, Volume 2/Page 947/Fatwa No.934), also (Fataawa as-Siyaam libni Jibreen, Page 181)

2. What a Muslim says once the moon of Shawwaal has been sighted

Question: We would like to know what a Muslim says once the moon of Shawwaal has been sighted (up until) before the `Eid prayer?

Response: That which is befitting is to increase in (reciting) the takbeer (the saying of: Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest)), and the tahleel (the saying of: laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (there is none truly worthy of worship except Allaah)), and the tahmEid (the saying of al-hamdu-lillaah (all Praise is for Allaah)), for that which Allaah (tabaarak wa ta’aala) (mentions): {and that you must magnify Allaah for having guided you so that you may be grateful} [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 185]. Shaykh Ibn al-Uthaymeen / (Fataawa Ramadan, Volume 2/Page 947/Fatwa No.935), also (Fiqh al-Ibaadaat libni ‘Uthaymeen, Page 215)

3. Women leaving for the `Eid al-Fitr prayer

Question: Is it permissible for the woman to leave (the home) for the `Eid al-Fitr prayer?

Response: Yes! It has been legislated to leave (the home) for the `Eid prayer and it has (also) been confirmed (likewise) for the women. And it is (mentioned) in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim on the authority of Umm ‘Atiyyah (radhi-yallaahu `anhaa) who said: ((We were commanded to leave (our homes) on the day of `Eid, even the virgin from behind her veil/screen, even the the menstruating (woman), so they would recite the takbeer and supplicate seeking the blessing of that day and it’s purification)). Shaykh Ibn Jibreen / (Fataawa Ramadan, Volume 2/Page 948/Fatwa No.937), also (Fataawa as-Siyaam libni Jibreen, Page 181) Women leaving for the `Eid al-Fitr prayer Question: Is it permissible for the woman to leave (the home) for the `Eid al-Fitr prayer? Response: Yes! It has been legislated to leave (the home) for the `Eid prayer and it has (also) been confirmed (likewise) for the women. And it is (mentioned) in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim on the authority of Umm ‘Atiyyah (radhi-yallaahu `anhaa) who said: ((We were commanded to leave (our homes) on the day of `Eid, even the virgin from behind her veil/screen, even the the menstruating (woman), so they would recite the takbeer and supplicate seeking the blessing of that day and it’s purification)).Shaykh Ibn Jibreen / (Fataawa Ramadan, Volume 2/Page 948/Fatwa No.937), also (Fataawa as-Siyaam libni Jibreen, Page 181)

4. What to do when `Eid coincides with Friday

Question: If any of the two `Eids fall on a Friday (Jumu’ah), do you pray the Jumu’ah (prayer) with its khutbah on that day or not?

Response: That which is legislated for the Muslims if the `Eid coincides with Friday is to pray the `Eid prayer and the Jumu’ah prayer in the masaajid (plural of masjid) where the Jumu’ah prayer is (normally) held. And it is permissible for one who attended the `Eid prayer to leave off the Jumu’ah and instead perform the Zuhr prayer.Shaykh Ibn Baaz / Majmoo’ Fataawa Samaahatu ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, Volume 4/Page 504/Fatwa No. 556